Movie Case Study
The scene that you just saw, shows you how Mihika Mukherjee (Played by Lara Dutta) is telling Manu Gupta (played by Vinay Pathak) about her work. When Manu Gupta seems to be offended by her reply, she tells him, about her job profile in detail. She tells him that she helps in capital formation for the businesses by way of outright purchases and security sales which are offered by the issuer.
In this blog, Learning Perspective would explore, what is Mihika Mukherjee talking about.
What is Investment Banking?
Investment Banking is a separate branch of banking. It relates to the formation or creation of capital for different businesses. Every business needs to have capital in place to survive and thrive. Investment/Merchant bankers help in this process. Generally, businesses have capital in two forms, either in the form of debt (i.e. term loans, bonds, etc.) or in the form of equity (shares by investors) or a combination of both. The majority of businesses have a combination of both equity and debt.
Investment banks offer many services such as helping in the sale of securities, underwriting debt and equity securities (Mihika mentions this), helping in mergers and acquisitions, due diligence, etc.
Underwriting is a process of raising capital for clients in the form of debt or equity securities. By buying shares outright from the issuer of securities and then selling it to the public or to different companies. In this process, investment bankers undertake a certain amount of risk.
Understanding Investment Banking
Let’s say a company wants to raise Rs. 300 crores in the form of capital. The company can hire investment bankers to help them in doing this. Investment/Merchant bankers may advise the company to take a route of IPO or FPO or QIP, (Initial Public offer, Further public offer, and Qualified institutional placement) depending on the company’s financial statements, their needs, and the future direction of the company.
Securities are financial instruments that are traded in the market. Equity securities can mean shares and stocks while debt securities could be bonds, debentures, etc. Derivatives include futures and options. The value of a derivative depends upon an underlying asset such as interest rate, currencies, commodities, etc.
Investment Banking Companies
Some of the famous investment banking companies in India include:
- ICICI Securities
- SBI Capital
- Edelweiss Financial Services
- JP Morgan India
The Association of investment bank of India is the nodal body of Investment banks. It regulates and governs the investment banks in India (Indian and foreign). It promotes knowledge, foresight, and sincere advice.
Understand Investment Banking with a Video