# Time Value of Money!

These Time travelers are trying to teach us an important financial concept. Lets go back in time to understand this.

### Case breakdown: Movie About Time:

Watch this scene carefully from the movie “About Time”. This movie revolved around time travel. This scene shows how when the Tim’s (played by Domhnall Gleeson) father is dying, he visits him. Since they both are ‘time travelers’ they decide to go back again into the past to re-live their ‘walk on the beach’.

### What is time value of Money?

Generally, most of the population can’t time travel therefore we live in the present and create goals for future so that our lives will be happier and prosperous. We continuously work towards these goals and ideals in the hope for a better tomorrow. We try to add value today to create a future with added value and benefit. Hence, in the ‘Present time‘ we create ‘future value‘.

Time value of money is based on a similar concept. Value of money today would be different from tomorrow’s value or the value after 5 years i.e. 100 rupees today will be more in 1 year’s time. If I deposit 100 rupees in the bank, I get an interest of 10% so the value of 100 rupees become 110 after 1 year. This is generally due to interest. Rs. 100 is called as the present value while Rs.110 is referred as the future value.

Time value of money is a basic concept in solving many business decisions, valuations of assets, investment decisions etc. Through the concept of time value of money, simple interest and compound interest can be calculated.

Formula for calculating future value is given below:

FV=PV (1+r)^n

Where:

• FV= future Value
• PV= Present Value
• r= rate of interest
• n= no. of years

Interest is given to you, when you deposit and interest is taken from you, when you borrow or take a loan. Hence, Interest is the cost of borrowing. Simple interest is the you earn on initial investment only while compound interest is interest you earn on the initial investment and on previous interest.

Understand time value of money with a different movie too in the scene below:

References: Financial Accounting, Spiceland

Written by : Ms. Gitika Chandra

### One comment

1. #### What is Interest? - Learning Perspectives

[…] Interest is the cost of borrowing of money. Similar to the scene we saw, Paroo had Davdas’s 3 rupees on which he was asking for interest.  In real life scenario, if you borrow Rs. 1,00,000 today and pay back Rs. 1,10,000 after 1 year. Interest expense will be 10%. It is this interest that gives money its time value. […]