Please watch this scene carefully, what did you get out of it? I’m sure you remember the actor’s name. ‘My name is Bond, James Bond’ he mentions proudly.
In Accounting, bonds are one of the reliable instruments for raising long term finance just like Mr. Bond who reliably executes various assignments.
Bonds are long term liabilities of a Company, they are classified under liabilities if they are used to raise finance, in simple words if I want money to run my business, I would issue bonds and people would purchase them giving me lump-sum amount of money to run my business. For this reason, they are classified as liabilities. (Obligation to pay back). As a borrower of money, I would pay interest over the life of a bond. Generally bonds have long term maturity (15-20 years).
There are 2 parties while making a bond contract: Issuer (Company who wants to raise funds) and Investor (Who purchases bonds with a view of investment/saving). There are many types of Bonds such as Secured, Unsecured, term, serial, convertible bonds etc.
India is the second largest emerging market for green bonds after China.
Green bonds are also a debt instrument in which a third party certifies that the proceeds are used for environment/clean projects.