What is Indemnity?

Learn about Indemnity with Anushka Sharma
Jab Harry Met Sejal 2017

Case breakdown: Movie Jab Harry Met Sejal

Harry (Played by Shahrukh Khan) is known to be a womanizer and does not want to travel with Sejal (played by Anushka Sharma). He claims, that traveling with him might not be in Sejal’s best interest.

The scene that you saw shows Sejal, drafting an Indemnity bond for Harry. It says that Harry will be absolved from all legal charges if there is any physical interaction between them.

What is Indemnity?

Indemnity is a contractual agreement between two parties. In this agreement, one party decides to pay for any losses that would be caused by another party. Risks are managed between the parties through indemnity clauses.

Indemnity clauses are generally seen when one party seems to be at risk by the actions of the other party. For example: When a retailer gives large order of 1000 batch of uniforms to a supplier.  If batches of uniform does not have proper quality or standard, then retailer stands to face the risk of a loss. In this case, retailer will usually seek an indemnity bond from the supplier.

How is Indemnity Paid:

Indemnity can be paid in the form of cash. It can also be paid in the form of other modes as mentioned in the agreement. In case of Insurance agreements, homeowners are indemnified in case of natural disasters, fire etc. In this case, homeowners pay money in the form of insurance premiums.

When is Indemnity Given?

There can be many instances, when indemnity is given. Indemnity is used in variety of contexts. Similar to the scene, that we saw, following can be some reasons when it is given:

Indemnity Bond:

This is also called a surety bond which informs the holder of the bond, that he will be duly compensated for any loss that he/she incurs.

Software License:

Whenever a software license is purchased by a company. It is usually accompanied by a clause that shields the company from any liability occurring from use of the software.

Share Purchase Agreements:

Indemnity clauses are included in these agreement that shield the buyer from any breach of representation. It also helps the purchaser against any tax liabilities of the target company or any loss occurring post-acquisition by the purchaser or the target company or both.

Intellectual Property Rights:

Herein the seller of the intellectual property rights agrees to indemnify the buyer for any loss or third party claim of infringement of copyright, patent or trademark

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