Case breakdown: Movie Veertaa:
Watch this scene carefully from the movie Veerta. Sunny Deol finds a worker (Mohan) who has actually done M.com and can read a balance sheet.
Balance sheet specifically doesn’t list out the profit, balance sheet is a statement which lists down the assets, liabilities and stockholders’ equity of a company for a particular period. Balance sheet is a good indicator of whether the company is financially stable or not. It helps owners and lenders to understand whether the company is just surviving or expanding.
Although Mohan seems to be very smart, looking at the income statement or the profit and loss account would clearly tell him the amount of profit of the company. Income statement lists down the income and expenditure of the company and clearly shows whether the company is in profit or loss.
Additionally, looking at cash flow statements and statement of stockholders’ equity would make an investor understand the overall health of a company. Understanding whether the company is making financially sound decisions or how it is performing over time gives one a holistic point of view. Therefore looking at the all the financial statements helps in better understanding of the net income or profit of the company.
This is facebooks’s balance sheet, it doesn’t indicate the profit or income of the company directly, but after reading notes and statement of stockholders’ equity, one can figure out the profit, but it would take a little more than a minute for sure.
Below is the snapshot of income statement which clearly shows the net income of the company.
I hope 8 crore that Mohan mentions is not the entire stockholders’ equity (which might include retained earnings and capital) of the company.
Written by: Ms. Gitika Chandra