What are Strikes?

Learn about Strikes with Govinda

Case breakdown: Movie Pardesi Babu

The scene that you saw shows how a strike is taking place in a tea factory. Sometimes, strikes are triggered by third party. All the workers of the tea factory stopped their work on union leader (Nandu’s) order. They are holding this strike as they believe that the workers aren’t paid sufficiently. Management of the company (Govinda and Satish Shah) try to resolve the situation by talking to the workers.

What are Strikes?

Strikes are stoppage of work by union members. This usually takes place as a response to some grievance faced by employees. Strikes are sometimes used to pressure the government or organizations to change policies. There are various kinds of strikes such as:

Wildcat Strike- This strike is conducted without the authority or consent of the trade union.

Lockout- This occurs when an existing labor agreement has expired and an impasse has been reached in contract negotiations. This is initiated by the management.

Economic Strike- This can occur in reference with contract negotiations.

Sympathy Strike- As the name suggests, this takes place when one worker wants to support the other. Hence, a strike takes place against an employer.

Maruti Strike 2011:

Workers of Maruti had gone on strike thrice in 2011 and 55 productive days were wasted. Maruti workers demanded 3 things:

  1. A new union to be recognized at the Maruti Manesar plant.
  2. 700 contract workers should be paid
  3. These 700 contractual workers be provided same benefits as the permanent workers.

Maruti management and workers both stuck to their sides and resisted. Peace was restored as Haryana government stepped in. But this did not last long, as Maruti, now wanted workers to sign good-conduct bond. This did not go down well with the workers and they again went on a strike.

There were violence reports in July 2012 in the Manesar plant. Maruti later had paid severance package to 30 workers.

Nationwide General Strike 2020:

Farmers’ union leader decided to protest against the 3 farm acts that were passed in the parliament in September 2020. On 26 November 2020, a nationwide general strike of 250 million people, as per trade unions claim, took place in support of the farmer unions. Five states – Kerala, Puducherry, Odisha, Assam and Telangana – were completely shut down. The strike saw stoppages of work in banks, financial services, various government services, transport, steel units, ports and docks, telecommunication services, plantations, power generating units, coal and other mines, oil and natural gas production units, and millions of other places.

References:

https://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/how-2011-shaped-2012-for-maruti-its-workers-115032100040_1.html

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/repeal-farm-laws-today-itself-farmers-message-to-govt-ahead-of-talks/story-tZFSlduVKuKEzArmxEgnbN.html

https://www.deccanherald.com/national/at-least-25-crore-workers-participated-in-general-strike-some-states-saw-complete-shutdown-trade-unions-920200.html

https://www.newsclick.in/Shutdown-Across-Sectors-as-Over-25-Crore-Workers-Join-One-of-theBiggest-Strikes-Ever

Written by: Ms. Gitika Chandra

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