Case breakdown: Movie Coach Carter
The scene that you just saw shows how a player who was asked to leave earlier, comes back to play for the team. The coach of the team orders him to do 2,500 push-ups and 1,000 suicide drills. As he runs short of this drill, the team comes to his support and Lyle (player) says ” We are a team, one person struggles, we all struggle. One person triumphs, we all triumph.” These were Coach Carter’s words which are repeated by Lyle. The team takes accountability and responsibility for each other.
Similarly, in organizations, Managers and team leaders need to create effective teams. Coach Carter does this too. One can take the following steps to improve the effectiveness of teams:
Creating Effective Teams:
Establish a common purpose
A common purpose is one to which the entire team aligns. This purpose is a vision, it is broader than any specific goal, this purpose provides direction for team members. Similar to the scene that we saw, the common purpose is to play good basketball and play their best.
Assess team strengths and weaknesses
Team members have different strengths and weaknesses. A leader can build on strengths to compensate for weaknesses.
Develop specific individual goals
Specific individual goals lead to a team’s higher performance. Specific goals lead to clear communication and focus on getting desired results.
Get agreement on a common approach for achieving goals
Goals are the end results that the team tries to attain. Defining and agreeing on a common approach ensures teams are unified on the means for achieving those ends.
Encourage acceptance of responsibility for both individual and team performance
Successful teams make individuals and teams jointly accountable for the team’s purpose, goals, and approach.
Build mutual trust among members
When there is trust, team members believe in the integrity and ability of each other. When there is no trust, members are not able to understand each other.
An appropriate mix of team members skills and personalities
Team members come with different skills and personalities. In organizations, people are needed with people skills, decision-making skills, and good interpersonal skills, and technical expertise.
Provide training and resources
Team leaders need to ensure teams are provided with adequate training and resources to achieve their goals.
Create opportunities for small achievements
Building an effective team takes time and effort. To work and think like a team, members need to diligently practice. Team leaders should divide a bigger goal into small goals that give the opportunity for the team to be effective.
Organizational Behavior: Stephen P Robbins
Movie: Coach Carter